Terrorists 2.0 exist! They are recruited on the web, via social media, through an islamist radicalization. Jihadists chose social media to touch a lot of people, but also for their modernity. Their virility makes them extremely effective.
The selection procedure is very well thought out. The key words to reach an effective propaganda are, either the same or very close: conspiracy of the stronger against the weaker, contestation of the consumer society, real commercial approach and seduction, plus a strategy of confinement, building a new “lifestyle” with more and more interdictions, a new language.
The recruitment starts using the tools offered by Facebook: the recommendations, meaning filtering a body of information according to the centers of interests of a surfer. Once the surfer is convinced Islam is the only recourse against this Evil, he will start to become a part of a Facebook open group and make new friends. By the end, they think the conversion to Islam is an irreversible act.
But Facebook is not the only canal since Daesh has 46,000 Twitter accounts, more or less all-active. Even if Social media is not felt immediately, concerns by this phenomenon have started terrorist attacks in Paris in November: they have to work with government institutions.
It doesn’t mean freedom of speech is threatened; it will help closing jihadist Facebook or Twitter accounts down. Henceforth, Twitter states “You should not make threats or incite anyone to violence, including terrorist threats and advocating terrorism”.
This is the beginning of a new era, with new questions such as will a new channel be created specifically for the fight against terrorism? And how strong would it be?